What's going on here is that in Release
16 and a number of earlier releases the icicle plots in CLUSTER were actually
pivot tables, with the icicles formed by columns (or rows) of X values.
When clustering cases, the body of a vertical icicle plot had N-1 rows
and 2N-1 columns (each original case or cluster was in a column, and these
N columns has N-1 columns in between them), so you had a pivot table with
(N-1)(2N-1) cells in its body. Huge pivot tables tended to cause problems
with crashes in the output viewer, and the MXCELLS subcommand in the SET
command was designed to try to stop the building of tables that were too
large for the available memory. You may be able to get the job to run without
warnings in Releases 15 and 16 by allocating more memory via SET MXCELLS,
but it may take a long time to see the resulting table, and it may be difficult
to move around in it.
In Release 17, these chart-like pivot
tables were replaced with true charts. However, if you run out of memory
for the chart, you still get the warning about pivot tables and MXCELLS
in current releases, so we've filed a bug report and will get that fixed
so that an appropriate warning is issued.
SPSS, an IBM Company
The total number of pivot table
cells across split files exceeds 3241472. This limit can be altered by
using the SET MXCELLS command. If the working file was being created or
modified during the current procedure, any changes were probably lost.
I reran the syntax on V15 and it didn't run at all. I then reran it on
V17 and it ran fine, in very little without any error/warning. The dataset
contains some 1.500 cases and no (system or user) missing values. Even
though this warning was generated, the results looked just normal. But
it did frighten us of course.
I think SPSS no longer supports V15 and V16 but since some colleagues still
use these versions, I wondered if anyone could shed any light on our findings.